Effect of treatment with some enzymes on rheological properties of wheat flour


  • S. T. Hasan الشركة العامة لتجارة الحبوب\فرع نينوى
  • W. A. Mahmood Food since dep. / college of agriculture and forestry / university of Mosul




Enzymes, Rheological properties, Wheat flour


The present study was aimed to improve rheological properties of weak wheat flour by treating with a mixture of oxidizing, binding and polysaccharide hydrolyzing enzymes. At the beginning, the oxidizing and binding enzymes were individually added to the flour using different concentrations. Maximum resistance of extension was obtained by the concentrations of 5, 83.3 and 0.133 unit/100gm of flour for glucose oxidase, peroxidase and transglutaminase, respectively. These enzymes exhibited no effect on starch gelation and maximum viscosity temperatures.

Treatment of the flour with a mixture of the above mentioned concentrations of enzymes resulted in decreased extensibiliy accompanied with a large increase in extension resistance (942 B.U.) as compared to the control sample (420 B.U.). In order to oppose this effect, xylanase (13.7 unit/100 gm flour) was added. This treatment resulted in retardation of dough properties and increasing its viscosity. Extensograph area had decreased to 49 cm2 which was very  low and unsuitable for loaf production. To decease this effect, the concentrations of the four enzymes were decreased to 1, 50, 0.033 and 10.3 unit/100gm flour, respectively. Resistance was dropped to 525 B.U. and extensibility to 146 mm. The addition of amylase (86.7 unit/100 gm flour) resulted in improving rheological properties of the dough. Viscosity had raised to 598 B.U. Resistance and extensibility became 506 B.U. and 157 mm, respectively. Handling of the dough became easy. The last treatment was considered to be the best for improving rheological properties of the flour.



How to Cite

Hasan, S. T., & Mahmood, W. A. (2016). Effect of treatment with some enzymes on rheological properties of wheat flour. Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 3(1), 18–42. https://doi.org/10.59658/jkas.v3i1.524



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