Role of Ultrasound in Diagnosis of Fibrocystic Breast Disease


  • Zena M. AL-Hindawi Department of Anatomy and Embryology, College of Medicine, Kerbala University, Karbala, Iraq



Ultrasound, Breast, BI-RDS, Fibrocystic Changes


Background: Fibrocystic breast disease is the most typical benign breast disease, which is seen in women worldwide with features of pain and feeling of nodules. Its diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms, ultrasound, mammography, and in doubt cases, biopsy is indicated. For assessment of the breast, we clinically examined the breast, axilla, and both supra and infraclavicular regions for lymph node assessment, followed by ultrasound examination. Detection of lesions in any breast quadrant assessed by BIRADs, Breast Imaging Reporting, and Data System grouped in five brackets. Scanning by sonography using B-mode and Doppler study was improved for detecting and characterizing benign and malignant lesions.

Objective: To assess a breast lesion by ultrasound with features suggestive of a benign or malignant nature. Method: This study included 210 women aged 20 - 45 who visited a clinic from October 2020 to April 2022 and were examined by ultrasound machine Samsung HS50 (KOREA) with an LA3-14AD probe. B-mode images obtained detection of the lesion, and we also used Doppler ultrasound for assessment of the vascularity of the lesion. The BI-RADS system was used for the categorization of all findings.

Result: In 210 women, complaints of lumps were involved in our study. Imaging by B-mode ultrasound using the Doppler study assesses the vascularity of the lesion and provides more characterization of benign and malignant lesions. By B–mode imaging, 99 patients had regular ultrasound study, and 79 patients had simple cysts that appeared well defined, had familiar outlines, and had an anechoic rounded or oval shape with posterior enhancement. Twenty-eight patients with fibroadenoma visualized as round or oval-shaped hypoechoic lesions horizontally oriented to the planes of the breast with lateral shadowing. 2 patients had complex cysts that appear as well-defined, irregular outlines, rounded shape, a thick wall with internal echoes with posterior enhancement. 2 patients have a malignant lesion that appears ill-defined rough outline vertically oriented with breast planes and show posterior shadowing. Conclusion: Ultrasound was established as the most suitable imaging modality for the categorization of breast lesions and exclusion of malignancy, which is helpful for evading unnecessary biopsies.