Phylogeny of E-coli and Klebsiella pneumonia Affecting Camels in Iraq/ Reveiw


  • Muthanna Hussain University of Al-Qadisiyah
  • Khalefa Mansour
  • Saad Ghmeiss
  • Ihab AL-Shemmari


Camels are one of the important types of semi-ruminants in Iraq supporting people in arid and semiarid areas with beef and milk. Pneumonia is the second important disease in camel following skin affections in occurrence and economical significance. Consequently, this research aimed to focus on the causative agent causing pneumonia in order to make programs of prevention and treatment especially with the emergence of antibiotic resistance. E-coli and Klebsiella pneumonia are the most common bacteria isolated from camels with pneumonia in Iraq. One of the principles used to control the antimicrobial susceptibility is to detect the species of the pathogen with molecular methods to make relation with others in Iraq and close countries. Phylogeny of E-coli and Klebsiella pneumonia has done to detect the relation of these strain with others detected in neighbor countries in which it was 99% relative of E-coli to those isolated in Egypt and it was 97% relative of Klebsiella to those isolated in India. This will be significant for future studies to identify the genes responsible for resistance in order to find useful drugs and vaccines. It is helpful to avoid dealing with countries having isolates different from those isolated in Iraq because of the wide variety between the phylogeny of their sequence like Germany and China.