Effect of Alcohol on Some Blood and Biochemical Parameters in the Babylon Governorate
Jenan M. Al-Kawaz Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Babylon, Iraq.
Keywords:Keywords: Alcohol , Blood parameters, Biochemical enzymes.
The study was conducted between a February to July of 2021 on alcohol users in the Babylon governorate.This study included 110 individuals, 80 of whom were abusers, 30 non-abusers as a control group, whose ages ranged between 20 and 45 years . Blood samples have been tested to investigate the following parameters: Effect of alcohol in the Haemoglobin concentration (Hb), The red blood corpuscles count(RBCs),in addition to the total white blood cells count (WBCs),Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and the values of Packed cell volume (PCV), Results of the study exhibited a significant decrease (P <0.05) in Hb , RBCs , WBCs , ESR , PCV, these results were compared with control group . Effect of alcohol on blood criteria which were compared with the control group showed that the mean of corpuscle volume (MCV),mean of corpuscles haemoglobin (MCH), and mean of concentration of the corpuscles haemoglobin (MCHC) , Results of this study exhibited a significant decline in MCV, MCH and MCHC , these results were compared with control group. Effect of alcohol in the activity of liver enzymes AST and ALT in blood serum . Results of this study revealed a significant rise in the activity of these enzymes. Effect of alcohol on serum iron and TIBC of blood serum. This experiment indicated that there was a significant decrease (P<0.05) in serum iron with a significant increase (P<0.05) in TIBC of blood serum .These results were compared with control group.
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