Effectiveness of some biorationals in controlling damping-off diseases and promoting growth and yield of wheat crop

Authors

  • Hemin Abubakir Neima 1Department of Agribusiness and Rural Development, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Rebwar Ahmed Mustafa 2Research Center of Polytechnic University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah City, Kurdistan Re-gion, Iraq
  • Sawsan Mohammed Ali 3Department of Horticulture, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Nazhad Majeed Fatah 4Department of Natural Resources, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah City, Sulaymaniyah City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Bayan Rashid Rahim 4Department of Natural Resources, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah City, Sulaymaniyah City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Keywords:

Triticum aestivum L., Biorationals, Sustainable Agriculture, Plant Promotor, Pest Control

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of treating wheat seeds with some indigenous medicinal plants powder on the germination rate, growth and yield of wheat, as well as, a commercial fungicide (Tebuconazole) and a bio growth promoter Bacillus subtilis bacteria+ amino acid were applied for the same purpose. The results of this study indicated that seed coated with Chamomile flower powder (T1) suppressed damping-off by 89.22% compared with 0% in control and gave a significantly higher number of tillers (6.583 ± 0.617) compared to T0 and other treatments. Meanwhile, the T1 gave the highest plant heights, straw, and total shoot dry mass (94.0± 1.684, 9.096 ± 1.154, and 10.192 ± 1.216), respectively. in the meantime, T1 significantly provided the uppermost number of spikes, spike length, and yield (6.083 ± 0.594 spike/plant, and 3.380±0.017 ton.ha-1), respectively. On the other hand, T4 treatment performed a significantly higher weight of spikes and grains per spike (1.521 ± 0.092 and 1.065 ± 0.068), respectively. Furthermore, T4 conferred a higher number of grains per spike (33.431 ± 1.915) than other treatments. The yield in all the treatments was significantly higher than in the control (p-value ≤ 0.05), and the highest yield was recorded in the T1 (mean =3.380±0.017).

Downloads

Published

2022-12-03

How to Cite

Neima, H. A., Mustafa, R. A. ., Ali , S. M. ., Fatah, N. M. ., & Rahim, B. R. . (2022). Effectiveness of some biorationals in controlling damping-off diseases and promoting growth and yield of wheat crop. Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 9(4), 7–19. Retrieved from https://journals.uokerbala.edu.iq/index.php/Agriculture/article/view/1059

Issue

Section

The 2nd International Conference on Agricultural Sciences 2022