Effect of algae and Bio-fertilizers on some growth characteristics and yield of wheat Triticum aestivum L.
The experiment was carried out in the wooden canopy which belongs to the Soil and Water Department/ Technical College- Al-Mussaib/ Mashru Al-Mussaib area/ Babylon Governorate, during winter season 2020. The study aimed to know the effect of three concentrations of (0, 2.5, and 5 ml.L-1) of algae fertilizer (Biozyme TF) and three concentrations (0, 1.5, and 3 ml.L-1) of bio-fertilizer (EM1) and their interactions on the growth and yield of wheat crop. A factorial experiment was applied according to the Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replicates. The results revealed that the addition of algae fertilizer (5 ml.L-1) and spraying with bio-fertilizer (3 ml.L-1) individually led to a significant increase in all characteristics of vegetative growth and yield components (plant height, area of flag leaf, number of spurs, length of spike, number of grains / spike and the weight of 1000 grains). Moreover, the dual interaction between the two factors of the study significantly affected most of the studied traits except (plant height and spike length), where the combination between (5 ml.L-1 algae fertilizer + 3 ml.L-1 biofertilizer) was superior in giving the highest averages, while the comparison treatment gave the lowest averages. It can be concluded from this study that it is possible to rely with a high percentage on the use of environmentally friendly biological extracts as part of the fertilization program for field crops, including wheat.
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