The prevalence of depression among health care workers in Kerbala/ Iraq 2020
Background: Depression is a health problem of epidemic dimension; one of the most common mental disorders affecting more than 300 million people worldwide. Depression is characterized by a wide variation of symptoms including abnormal and persisting affective changes associated with sadness, feelings of worthlessness, guilt and hopelessness, pessimistic, suicidal, self - harm thoughts, impaired capacity to perform everyday tasks and functions, and hypochondriasis.
Objectives: To measure the prevalence of depression among health workers in hospitals and PHC's in Kerbala governorate.
Material and methods: The study population consisted of 300 Health Care Worker. A cross sectional study was carried out and data was collected with a questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic variables screened for depression by a standardized scale (PHQ-9).
Results: The prevalence of depression among health care worker was 85%. Further categorization of depression into grades revealed that mild depression prevalence was (36.3%), moderate (31%) and severe (17.7%). The prevalence rate of depression among female was (59.7%) while among male was (40.3%).
Conclusion: The prevalence of depression among Health Care Workers was remarkably high. There was a significant association between gender and depression. The highest prevalent types of depression were mild, followed by moderate depression.
Key words: Depression, health workers, prevalence.