Knowledge and attitude of mothers towards neonatal jaundice in KarbalaaTeaching Hospital for Children
Keywords:Neonatal jaundice, knowledge, attitude, mothers
Neonatal jaundice is one of the most common disorder in neonates globally. It's believed that delays in detection and improper treatment of neonatal jaundice can be responsible for neonatal morbidity and mortality. Knowledge and health seeking behavior of mothers play an important role in the course of this health condition.
Patients and methods:
Descriptive Cross sectional study had been taken in Karbala Teaching Hospital for Children, data collection was done on a convenience sample of a total 164 mothers of neonate with jaundice. The data were collected through direct face to face interview with the mothers using special designed questionnaire. Statistical Package for Social Sciences program was used for statistical analysis.
The mean knowledge score was good. In which the study shows (51.2%) of mothers had good knowledge and (48.8%) had fair knowledge. Although knowledge of mothers about onset and duration, causes and treatment of jaundice was acceptable (fair), it was good about definition and symptoms, complications and way of diagnosis. Knowledge level had a significant association with mothers residency (urban mothers had more knowledge from rural mothers).
The mean attitude score was positive attitude. There was also a significant association between mother's attitudes towards NNJ. And older women, multiparty and good ANC were significantly and positively affected the attitude.
In conclusion, the majority of mothers have a satisfactory level of knowledge and attitudes related to neonatal jaundice. However, cultural beliefs and traditional infant care practices still have an impact on mothers.
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