Qualitative and quantitative separation of some volatile oils and phenolic compounds from the tubers of Cyperus rotundus L. plant growing in Iraq
The current study aimed to separation and identification of many volatile oil compounds in the tubers of Iraqi Cyperus rotundus using clevenger apparatus for light compounds and gas liquid chromatography (GLC) technique. Many volatile oil compounds were identified as following (Limonene, Cymene, Linalool, ɑ- Pinene, Cineol and Terpinen) and the highest concentration was the cineol (58.2%) and lowest concentration was the cymene (0.55%). Also, multiple phenolic compounds were identified in the various
extracts including rutin, myricetin, apigenin and gallic acid in the (Cr3) extract. Furthermore, the Vanillic acid, Ferulic acid, Myricetin, Gallic acid) in the (Cr4) extract. Moreover, Quercetin, p-coumaric acid, Kaempferol, Myricetin, Tannic acid and Apigenin in both extract (Cr5) and Zamzam extract (Cr5).
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